In the process of defining a project cargo, it is important that we understand the nature of the cargo and how it should (or can) be internationally transported from its fabrication farm to its final destination. Logically (and logistically), this cargo may need unprecedented solutions, coupled with engineering knowledge and a great deal of creativity.
The one question that will determine if it is a project cargo or not:
During its international transportation, can the load be put in an existing 20′, 40′, 40HC or 45HC flatpack or open top container, OR NOT?
If your answer is no then the load is categorised under project cargo. This implies that its weight or dimension or both the weight and dimension of the cargo exceeds the capacity of a container and hence, it needs to be transported as bulk – meaning, as it is.
To given an example, above is a Propylene Splitter which is almost 100-m in length and can never, in any way, be delivered using a container so it falls under project cargo.
Why is it called ‘Project’ Cargo?
The primary reason is that when you have an oversized cargo like in the above example, it requires special modes of transportation, uniquely arranged and tailored to accommodate its route, destination and delivery requirements, safety aspects and operation efficiencies.
The delivery of oversized cargo can also be done using a platform General Trailer.
In the event that the cargo is extremely large and heavy, like this reactor which is 26-m long and 13-m wide and weighing 1,255 ton, combined sets of multi-axles hydraulic trailers are required instead.
Project cargoes also involve the conduct of road surveys prior to the transportation. At times, the proposed route may have roads not wide enough for the cargo or overhead bridges are too low for the cargo to go underneath them. If there are bridges along the way, can the bridge withhold the weight of the cargo?
From the experience of our associate company, Megalift Sdn Bhd, there were cases where changing the location of power poles and trimming of trees were necessary to give way for the delivery of oversized and overweight cargoes. It is also necessary and/or mandatory to be in contact with authorities for road permits and coordinate the movement with utility bodies to keep them informed of any possible disruptions, depending on the route.